Islamabad, city and capital of Pakistan,
northern Pakistan, in the Capital Territory, on the Potwar Plateau, near
Rawalpindi. In 1959 the site of Islamabad was chosen to replace Karachi as
the capital of Pakistan. Constantinos A. Doxiadis and other internationally
known urban planners were commissioned to design the new city, and
construction began in 1961. In 1967 Islamabad was officially made the
capital, and work on the city's principal buildings, streets, and facilities
was completed by the mid-1970s. The city is divided into eight largely
self-contained zones, each characterized by its predominant usages (such
as for government, commerce, light industry, or residential areas). Notable
structures in Islamabad include the National Assembly Building, designed by
Louis I. Kahn. The city is the site of Quaid-i-Azam University (1965).
Population (1998) 524,500.